We’re always looking for ways to add to the cannabis experience. Adding a little bit of hash to your bowl or joint is always sure to do the trick.
Is it something that’s easy to make at home? What’s the easiest way to make hash?
Today, we’ll take a look at these questions, as well as, where hash came from, and how to make hash.
A Trip to the Past with Hash
Human usage of hash has a storied history. Cannabis is one of the first plants to be referenced in ancient texts. Our human ancestors highly lauded the plant for its versatility.
They used cannabis to create rope, textiles, living quarters and consumed the plant for food.
With the advent of cooking over fire, our ancestors learned that burning some strains of cannabis would result in psychoactive side effects.
What our ancestors didn’t know then was that they discovered tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the cannabinoid that’s responsible for the high feeling you get from marijuana.
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Hash Becomes Hashish
On top of being smoked, cannabis became commonly used in foods and teas.
During that time, what we now know as marijuana was gaining popularity with early civilization.
Our ancestors felt the high that was created from the plant was a way to help themselves travel inward. Once our ancestors became one with themselves, they were then open to become one with their gods.
This spiritual uplifting made cannabis a staple in early religious ceremonies.
By 900 AD, cannabis had become a commonplace all through Arabia. It’s there where the word hashish, which translates to “grass” in Arabic, was born.
The Birth of Hashish
Once cannabis situated in Arabic countries, the natives facilitated the creation of hash. At this time, the native Arabs would take the plant and rub it in between their hands.
Through the use of friction, the static electricity they created between their hands would cause the cannabis to create resin. Resin is the black soot that remains once you light marijuana.
Instead of resin outlining a bowl, native Arabians would have the resin residue caked on their hands.
They would then peel the resin off their skin by rolling it into balls that they named “charas.”
The Science Behind Hash
While you can still make hash by rolling your hands together, hash today is made a lot differently.
Before getting into the different methods, it’s good to understand a few things our ancestors weren’t fully aware of.
Hash comes from the oils that live within the flowers of cannabis.
If you look closely at a bud, you will notice tiny hairs. Those are called trichomes. Within the trichomes live organic compounds called terpenes.
Terpenes are the chemicals that give marijuana the dank, skunky smell often associated with cannabis.
Why Hash Makes You Higher
While terpenes are responsible for the smell that lingers from a freshly lit bud, they also contain a multitude of cannabinoids.
Cannabinoids are chemical components that give cannabis its therapeutic effects. The most well-known of the cannabinoids is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive component of marijuana.
Much like how essential oils work for therapy when you extract oil from the innermost parts of a bud, it contains higher concentrations of the chemicals that comprise the plant.
Therefore, when you extract hash from the resin within the flower, you’re going directly to the THC.
On average, one joint has a level of 8% THC content while hash can contain upwards of 40% THC potency.
From Flower to Kief
As mentioned above, ancestors use to make a black, tarry mess of their hands to extract the oils from cannabis plants to make hashish. Creating hash is simple enough for anyone to do at home.
Essentially, hash comes from separating the trichomes from the flower. When the trichomes are separated, the little particles of dust that lie in its wake are called kief.
With a large quantity of raw kief, the hash then undergoes treatment that will cause the hairs to pop open and release the oils from inside these proteins.
Typically, to release the oils, the kief must either be heated or pressurized.
The Many Forms of Hash
While there are mainly two different ways to extract the oils from the cannabis plant, many other factors come into play when it comes to the handling of the kief and the finished product.
For instance, any trichomes that come off of your bud can be used as kief.
No matter where on the plant these trichomes lived, they still carry levels of THC and cannabidiol (CBD), the healing component in marijuana. However, not all areas of the plant are created equal.
For instance, stems and seeds do have traces of THC and their hairs may be added to the kief. Yet, they still carry lower levels of THC than the actual bud and its trimmings.
How to Collect Kief While Smoking Cannabis
When you break up cannabis with a grinder, or use your finger to sprinkle the weed into whatever you’re smoking with, collect any little dust that remains on your fingers or in the grinder.
This is the kief you will use to make hash. Usually, if you have a four chamber grinder, just leave the bottom chamber alone because the kief will slowly accumulate.
It will take awhile before there is enough kief made this way to make hash.
How to Make Kief with a Silk Screen
To do this method, you are going to need either a kief box or a couple of screens at varying sizes. Place a large piece of paper underneath the area you are sifting to catch any loose materials.
As you complete each sifting event, fold the paper and move to the next sized screen.
To start, place the kief onto the screen and with a sturdy card, move the plant back and forth. Continue this process until no more kief passes through.
If you’re using a screen box, move the first screen to the side and do the same process on the second screen until you have used all the screens.
You can also just break your bud up in your kief box and let it naturally build up over time.
How to Make Kief with a Blender
The blender is a more scientific method.
Place kief, water and ice in a blender. The reason for ice is that when trichomes are cold, it’s easier to separate them.
When you turn on the blender, the trichomes separate from the flower.
The density of the trichomes are higher than the water, so they sink to the bottom once the blender is shut off.
Through a sifter, transfer the water/trichome mixture into a jar and let sit. Again, the trichomes will separate and float to the bottom.
Freeze the water/trichome mixture for ten minutes. Finally, pour the mixture through a coffee filter to separate the kief and water.
From Kief to Hash
Now that you know how to get kief kief, you’re ready to turn the little dustings into potent hash.
Just like there are many ways to collect kief, there are different ways to make hash. For most larger scale operations, the process involves machinery and the use of solvents.
However, this isn’t always practical or safe for home use.
In general, there are two popular ways to make hash, either with pressure or with heat. However, there is a third that we must not ignore; the tried and true way...the hand method.
How to Make Hash with the Hand Method
As we mentioned, there are different ways to go about making hash.
For one, you can do as your ancestors did—by rubbing your hands together.
When the heat starts to form between your hands, you will notice a sticky, thick coating of black soot on your hand.
Take your sooty kief and roll it around between your fingers to make the “charas” that our Arabic ancestors did. When you’re doing this, you’re creating a low-grade hash.
The reason for the decreased quality of the product is that the oils, dirt and bacteria living on your hands is being transferred into your hash, altering its chemical composition.
How to Make Hash with a Pollen Press
Pressure is essential in creating hash because, in order to extract the oils from the cannabis, you must apply force onto the trichomes.
Using a pollen press, put a weight into the shaft.
Pour the kief on top of the weight and then place a second weight on top of the kief. Take the T-press and wind it down. Open up the compacted kief and add more.
Continue this process until you have a solid hash puck.
While this is an easy method and it doesn’t change the flavor and consistency of the kief, some don’t consider this as true hash because there is no heat involved.
How to Make True Hash with Heat and Pressure
Set your oven to 350° F and pack your kief tightly into cellophane. Wrap the cellophane-covered kief in a paper towel and tape the package shut.
To avoid burning, run the paper-covered kief under warm water and place into the oven.
After 10 minutes, take out of the oven.
Use a rolling pin to apply even pressure over the hot kief. Once flattened, place in the fridge to solidify. From there take off your “charas” from the solid kief.
What is the Easiest Way to Make Hash with Plant Trimmings?
Perhaps the easiest way to use trimmings is to make bubble hash.
It requires no use of fire or solvents. All you need is a bucket, some ice (there’s also a dry ice method outlined later), water, kief and bubble bags.
What are Bubble Bags?
A bubble bag is a bag lined with mesh that works as a filter for plant matter. Bubble bags come with mesh holes of various sizes.
These different sized holes allow for finer screenings of plant matter. The size of the holes in the bag are indicated by the micron number. 220 is the largest number micron.
Known as the “worker bag,” 220 bags collect everything from stems to resin.
That’s why when you make bubble hash, this should be the last bag to cover the bucket.
The smallest micron collects the most resin and filters out most of the plant material. Therefore, it should be the first one you place in the bucket.
How to Make Bubble Hash
Put a bucket down (around 5 gallons). If you’re using a 1-gallon bucket bubble hash machine, divide all future measurements by 5.
Place the mesh bag with the smallest micron around the opening of the bucket.
Depending on how many bags you use, place the next size up inside one another until you reach the largest micron.
- Take 200-400 grams of trim (10 grams of weed ~ yields 1 gram of hash) and mix with two bags of ice and 5 gallons of water.
- Pour the mixture into the bags.
- Pull out the bags one by one and collect the solid plant material.
- Place on surface to dry, and you’ll be left with bubble hash.
How to Use Make Dry Ice Hash
Before handing dry ice be sure to put on gloves so your skin doesn't touch the dry ice. Take your kief and 3 pounds of dry ice and pour into a 5-gallon bucket.
Place a 73 bubble bag around the mouth of the bucket and shake up to 4 minutes.
Flip the bucket so that everything falls into the mesh part of the bag. Now, take off the bag and shake until you don't see any more resin falling.
Pour the content of the bag over a clean surface. Use an ice scraper to collect hash. Although it would be less potent than the 72 bag, you can repeat this process with this hash on a 160 bag and then 220 bags.
Learning how to make hash can be intimidating.
There are a ton of different methods, and some require an intimate knowledge of chemistry that most of us just don’t have.
Here are some of the easiest ways to make hash:
- With your hands
- With a kief press
- With a hair straightener
- And with bubble bags
None of these require commercial grade equipment, or put you at risk of burning your house down!
Have you ever made hash? Did you try any of these methods? Let us know how they went in the comments section below!